This chapter describes the step-by means of-step process to installation a clean edition of the windows Server 2012 operating device, improve an existing device to home windows Server 2012, and, at last, deploy a home windows Server 2012 Server Core version.This chapter is from the ebook
even though the installing method is intuitive and has been simplified, an administrator should make a few key choices to make sure that the accomplished installation will meet the wants of the company. for example, is it a good suggestion to upgrade an existing gadget to home windows Server 2012, or is it favorite to conduct a clean installation from scratch? What are the ramifications of those alternate options? Will I lose my latest settings, classes, and configurations? This chapter covers the necessary planning projects to tackle administrator questions and considerations.
furthermore, this chapter focuses on how to set up and control the Server Core edition of windows Server 2012.
earlier than you start the specific setting up of windows Server 2012, you ought to make a number of choices concerning prerequisite projects. How well you intend these steps will investigate how a success your installing is as a result of many of these selections cannot be modified after the installing is finished.minimal Hardware requirements
even if you are installing home windows Server 2012 in a lab or construction atmosphere, you should make certain that the hardware chosen meets the minimal device requirements. In most cases, the minimum hardware requirements offered will now not suffice. therefore, desk 3.1 offers no longer best the minimal necessities, however additionally the suggested and highest device necessities for the hardware accessories.desk 3.1. windows Server 2012 system requirements
2GHZ or quicker twin core
2GB RAM or more suitable
32GB RAM usual Edition4TB RAM Datacenter version
40GB Full installation or 10GB Server Core installation
no longer applicableselecting the applicable home windows version
There are simplest two variations in the home windows Server 2012 family of working programs. Microsoft is opting to simplify the product line, and because of this, windows Server 2012 should be attainable in common and Datacenter variants. There is not any longer a feature change between the versions, simplest a change in aid for hardware and guest digital machines (VMs).
each edition supports a Server Core edition. For a full checklist of windows Server 2012 aspects and performance, see Chapter 1, “windows Server 2012 expertise Primer,” which covers the variants in depth.making a choice on a new setting up or an improve
when you've got an current windows environment, you may need to perform a new setting up or improve an existing server. There are merits to each of those alternate options. The next two sections define the merits for each and every.when you perform a new installation?
The simple benefit of a brand new setting up is that by using setting up the working system from scratch you are beginning with a everyday good server. that you could avoid migrating problems that may have existed in your old server—whether because of corrupt software, mistaken configuration settings, or improperly put in applications. take into account, besides the fact that children, that you just additionally lose all configuration settings from your previous setting up. furthermore, required applications on the legacy server need to be reinstalled after the setting up of the brand new operating equipment is complete. make certain you document your server configuration guidance, have the entire applicable software you propose on reinstalling, and lower back up any records that you just want to hold.
When performing a new installing, that you could set up on a new complicated drive (or partition). typically, most new installations are installed on a new or freshly formatted hard force. Doing so eliminates any old utility and gives you the cleanest installation.should you upgrade an current Server?
Upgrading, in contrast, replaces your existing home windows data but continues current users, settings, organizations, rights, and permissions intact. in this state of affairs, you don’t have to reinstall purposes or restore statistics. earlier than identifying this option, keep in mind that be sure you verify your purposes for compatibility before migration. just as a result of they worked on earlier types of windows doesn't suggest they'll work on windows Server 2012.
As at all times, before performing any type of server protection such as a windows Server 2012 installation, function an entire backup of any purposes and statistics that you just want to maintain. do not forget to encompass the device state when backing up the legacy windows working system. it's required when performing a repair if you wish to keep the present windows settings.
To upgrade to home windows Server 2012, you need to be operating essentially the most recent server stage operating system, home windows Server 2008 R2. enhancements from older working programs are not supported. desk three.2 lists version enhancements.desk 3.2. home windows Server 2012 improve Paths
old operating gadget version
improve to windows Server 2012 version
home windows Server 2008/2008 R2 typical
home windows Server 2008/2008 R2 enterprise
windows Server 2008/2008 R2 Datacenter
Datacenterdetermining the classification of Server to deploy
one of the first selections you should make when installation windows Server 2012 is whether or not you might be using a Server Core installing or a server with GUI installing. Server Core installations were added with the unencumber of the windows Server 2008 household of working methods and include simplest a minimal installing footprint. On a Server Core installing, the normal GUI equipment aren't obtainable, and there is also limited managed code aid.
home windows Server 2012 helps greater roles on a Server Core installing than any prior version of the working gadget. Roles that are supported with a Server Core installing consist of active directory domain features, active listing light-weight listing capabilities (advert LDS), DHCP Server, DNS Server, File functions, Print Server, Hyper-V, and net Server (IIS). windows Server 2012 adds aid for the home windows utility replace features and faraway access roles together with help for operating SQL Server 2012 on a core installing.
even more essential, windows Server 2012 can also be switched from a Server Core setting up to a GUI installing with a single command and a reboot. a third installation state exists and is constructed from a minimal GUI setting up with some GUI facets, reminiscent of cyber web Explorer, windows Explorer, and the computing device, removed. The third state, called the Minimal Server Interface, can be transformed to a full GUI server by installing the Server Graphical Shell feature.getting ready Configuration counsel
After the installation of home windows Server 2012, you give you the chance to configure the core settings required for server operation. Taking the time to collect the suggestions described in the following sections earlier than beginning your setting up will doubtless make your installation go faster, smoother, and more straightforward.identifying the laptop name
each and every laptop on a community must have a reputation this is enjoyable inside that network. Many groups have a standard naming convention for his or her servers and workstations. If not, which you can use right here suggestions as a guideline for developing your personal.
besides the fact that children the desktop identify can comprise up to 63 characters, workstations and servers which are pre-windows 2000 respect simplest the first 15 characters.
it is greatly considered a superior observe to make use of most effective information superhighway common characters on your laptop name. This comprises the letters A–Z (uppercase and lowercase), the numbers 0–9, and the hyphen (-).
even though it’s actual that enforcing the Microsoft area name device (DNS) provider to your atmosphere may will let you use some non-information superhighway average characters (corresponding to Unicode characters and the underscore), take into account that this is more likely to cause issues with any non-Microsoft DNS servers for your network. feel cautiously and check thoroughly before straying from the typical cyber web characters referred to within the preceding paragraph.name of the Workgroup or area
in addition to the server name, you deserve to assess the name of the workgroup or domain that the server will be joining. which you can either enter the name of an current home windows domain or workgroup to join or create a brand new workgroup with the aid of getting into in a brand new identify.
clients new to Microsoft networking might ask, “what's the difference between a workgroup and a site?” without problems put, a website is a group of computer systems and aiding hardware that shares the equal security database the usage of active directory. Grouping the device during this manner lets you set up centralized safety and administration. Conversely, a workgroup has no centralized protection or administration. each and every server or workstation is configured independently and in the neighborhood for all security and administration settings.community Protocol and IP tackle of the Server
When installation home windows Server 2012, you need to set up and configure a network protocol with the intention to enable it to speak with other machines on the network.
presently, probably the most universal protocol is known as TCP/IP edition 4, which stands for Transmission control Protocol/information superhighway Protocol. This protocol makes it possible for computers right through the web to communicate. After you deploy TCP/IP, you need to configure an IP tackle for the server. you can opt for certainly one of the following three methods to assign an IP address:
even if you are performing a new installation on a previously used server or upgrading an present server, you should operate an entire backup of the statistics and operating gadget before you start your new installation. this fashion, you have got a fallback plan if the setting up fails or the server doesn't function the way you anticipated.
When performing a new setting up on a in the past used server, you overwrite any records that became saved there. during this situation, you need to use your backup tape to restoration any information that you just want to get better.
Conversely, if you are going to upgrade an latest server, a usual good backup will allow you to recover to your outdated state if the upgrade doesn't go as planned.