This chapter describes the step-through-step system to deploy a clear version of the windows Server 2012 operating system, upgrade an present device to home windows Server 2012, and, ultimately, deploy a home windows Server 2012 Server Core version.This chapter is from the e-book
however the setting up process is intuitive and has been simplified, an administrator need to make a couple of key choices to make sure that the completed installation will meet the wants of the company. as an instance, is it really helpful to upgrade an latest system to home windows Server 2012, or is it favourite to conduct a clean deploy from scratch? What are the ramifications of these options? Will I lose my latest settings, programs, and configurations? This chapter covers the required planning projects to address administrator questions and considerations.
additionally, this chapter focuses on a way to install and control the Server Core version of windows Server 2012.
earlier than you start the actual setting up of home windows Server 2012, you ought to make a couple of decisions regarding prerequisite projects. How well you plan these steps will check how a hit your setting up is because lots of these choices cannot be changed after the installing is complete.minimal Hardware necessities
whether you are setting up home windows Server 2012 in a lab or construction environment, you deserve to make sure that the hardware chosen meets the minimal equipment requirements. In most situations, the minimum hardware requirements introduced will now not suffice. therefore, table 3.1 gives now not simplest the minimum requirements, but also the counseled and highest gadget requirements for the hardware add-ons.table three.1. home windows Server 2012 gadget necessities
2GHZ or faster twin core
now not relevant
2GB RAM or stronger
32GB RAM commonplace Edition4TB RAM Datacenter version
40GB Full installing or 10GB Server Core setting up
no longer applicablepicking out the appropriate home windows version
There are handiest two editions within the home windows Server 2012 family unit of working systems. Microsoft is opting to simplify the product line, and because of this, home windows Server 2012 might be accessible in average and Datacenter variants. There isn't any longer a function difference between the variations, simplest a difference in support for hardware and visitor digital machines (VMs).
each and every edition helps a Server Core version. For a full checklist of home windows Server 2012 features and performance, see Chapter 1, “windows Server 2012 technology Primer,” which covers the variations extensive.deciding on a brand new installation or an improve
if you have an existing windows environment, you may should perform a brand new installation or improve an current server. There are benefits to each and every of those alternate options. The subsequent two sections define the merits for each and every.when you operate a new installing?
The primary improvement of a brand new setting up is that through installation the working gadget from scratch you're starting with a general decent server. you can stay away from migrating complications that might have existed on your previous server—even if because of corrupt application, incorrect configuration settings, or improperly installed functions. take into account, youngsters, that you just additionally lose all configuration settings from your previous setting up. additionally, required purposes on the legacy server should be reinstalled after the installation of the new working device is comprehensive. make certain you document your server configuration information, have all the applicable utility you propose on reinstalling, and lower back up any statistics that you simply are looking to retain.
When performing a brand new installation, that you can installation on a new tough power (or partition). typically, most new installations are installed on a brand new or freshly formatted challenging pressure. Doing so removes any historical utility and offers you the cleanest installation.if you improve an current Server?
Upgrading, in contrast, replaces your current home windows files however maintains present clients, settings, organizations, rights, and permissions intact. during this scenario, you don’t ought to reinstall purposes or restoration statistics. earlier than determining this alternative, keep in mind that you'll want to test your purposes for compatibility earlier than migration. just because they labored on previous types of home windows doesn't mean they are going to work on windows Server 2012.
As all the time, earlier than performing any classification of server renovation equivalent to a home windows Server 2012 installation, perform a complete backup of any functions and records that you simply wish to preserve. do not forget to include the system state when backing up the legacy windows working equipment. it's required when performing a repair in case you wish to maintain the latest home windows settings.
To upgrade to home windows Server 2012, you must be operating essentially the most contemporary server degree working equipment, home windows Server 2008 R2. improvements from older working methods are not supported. desk 3.2 lists version enhancements.table 3.2. windows Server 2012 upgrade Paths
previous working device edition
upgrade to windows Server 2012 version
windows Server 2008/2008 R2 regular
home windows Server 2008/2008 R2 enterprise
windows Server 2008/2008 R2 Datacenter
Datacenterdeciding on the class of Server to set up
one of the crucial first selections you ought to make when installing home windows Server 2012 is whether or not you should be using a Server Core installation or a server with GUI installing. Server Core installations were added with the liberate of the windows Server 2008 family unit of working systems and encompass best a minimal setting up footprint. On a Server Core installation, the ordinary GUI tools are not attainable, and there is additionally restricted managed code aid.
windows Server 2012 supports extra roles on a Server Core installation than any earlier edition of the operating equipment. Roles which are supported with a Server Core setting up include lively directory area services, active listing light-weight listing capabilities (advert LDS), DHCP Server, DNS Server, File features, Print Server, Hyper-V, and web Server (IIS). windows Server 2012 adds aid for the home windows application update functions and faraway entry roles along with aid for working SQL Server 2012 on a core setting up.
much more vital, windows Server 2012 will also be switched from a Server Core installation to a GUI installation with a single command and a reboot. a third installing state exists and is made out of a minimal GUI installation with some GUI features, equivalent to internet Explorer, home windows Explorer, and the computing device, removed. The third state, called the Minimal Server Interface, can be converted to a full GUI server with the aid of installation the Server Graphical Shell feature.making ready Configuration information
After the setting up of home windows Server 2012, you have the option to configure the core settings required for server operation. Taking the time to collect the counsel described in here sections before beginning your setting up will probably make your installing go quicker, smoother, and more convenient.deciding on the computing device identify
every desktop on a network should have a name it is enjoyable inside that community. Many businesses have a common naming convention for their servers and workstations. If no longer, which you could use the following counsel as a suggestion for growing your personal.
youngsters the laptop identify can comprise as much as 63 characters, workstations and servers which are pre-windows 2000 recognize handiest the first 15 characters.
it is greatly considered a ultimate practice to make use of most effective internet commonplace characters for your computer name. This contains the letters A–Z (uppercase and lowercase), the numbers 0–9, and the hyphen (-).
even though it’s proper that enforcing the Microsoft area identify equipment (DNS) service in your environment could can help you use some non-cyber web standard characters (similar to Unicode characters and the underscore), keep in mind that this is prone to cause complications with any non-Microsoft DNS servers to your network. feel carefully and check thoroughly earlier than straying from the regular web characters noted in the preceding paragraph.identify of the Workgroup or domain
apart from the server identify, you should determine the name of the workgroup or domain that the server could be joining. that you can either enter the identify of an present home windows area or workgroup to be part of or create a brand new workgroup with the aid of coming into in a brand new identify.
clients new to Microsoft networking might ask, “what's the change between a workgroup and a site?” without difficulty put, a domain is a collection of computers and supporting hardware that shares the identical protection database the usage of active listing. Grouping the equipment in this manner permits you to installation centralized safety and administration. Conversely, a workgroup has no centralized protection or administration. each server or pc is configured independently and locally for all protection and administration settings.community Protocol and IP handle of the Server
When installation home windows Server 2012, you need to set up and configure a network protocol so that it will allow it to communicate with other machines on the community.
at present, essentially the most common protocol is referred to as TCP/IP version four, which stands for Transmission control Protocol/web Protocol. This protocol enables computer systems throughout the information superhighway to communicate. After you set up TCP/IP, you should configure an IP address for the server. that you may choose considered one of right here three how one can assign an IP tackle:
no matter if you are performing a brand new installation on a up to now used server or upgrading an latest server, make sure to perform an entire backup of the records and working gadget before you begin your new setting up. this way, you've got a fallback plan if the installing fails or the server does not perform the manner you anticipated.
When performing a brand new installation on a in the past used server, you overwrite any statistics that turned into saved there. in this state of affairs, you have to use your backup tape to restore any records that you are looking to recuperate.
Conversely, if you're going to upgrade an current server, a favourite good backup will enable you to recuperate to your old state if the upgrade doesn't go as planned.