Linux Journal celebrated the e-book of its one hundredth difficulty in 2002 with the free up of the Linux Timeline. it's now 2006, Linux itself turns 15 this 12 months and Linux Journal, a bit older, grayer and wiser, is quickly to release it be 150th situation. In celebration and in honor of a fantastic community's historical past we're compiling the tremendous movements of 2002 via 2006 (and naturally the rest from previous years that they may also have up to now neglected).
We ask you to take a couple of minutes of time and assist listing background. trust this text publish a large whiteboard -- touch upon the adventure or events you locate to be most tremendous in Linux's fresh historical past, you will doubtless see their editors doing simply the equal.
we are going to bring together the routine and re-free up the timeline for all to share within the upcoming months.
competent? here they go:
``hiya every person available the use of minix - i'm doing a (free) working device (only a interest, might not be large and expert like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewing for the reason that april, and is starting to get capable. i might like all remarks on issues americans like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it a little (same actual layout of the file-gadget (because of purposeful motives) among other things).I've at the moment ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.forty), and issues seem to work. this means that i could get some thing purposeful inside just a few months, and i'd like to know what elements most people would desire. Any information are welcome, however I may not promise i'll enforce them :-) Linus (PS. yes - it's free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs. It is not protable (uses 386 assignment switching and so forth), and it doubtless not ever will help anything else aside from AT-harddisks, as this is all I even have :-(.''
Linux edition 0.01 is launched and put on the internet.
the first Linux newsgroup, comp.os.linux, is proposed and began via Ari Lemmke.
Peter MacDonald pronounces SLS, the primary standalone Linux set up. at the least 10MB of space on disk became advised.
Slackware, with the aid of Patrick Volkerding, becomes the primary business standalone distribution and at once becomes generic inside the Linux group.
Matt Welsh's Linux installing and Getting all started, edition 1 is released. here is the first publication on Linux.
the primary concern of Linux Journal is posted. This issue featured an interview with Linus Torvalds and articles written via Phil Hughes, Robert ``Bob'' younger, Michael ok. Johnson, Arnold Robbins, Matt Welsh, Ian A. Murdock, Frank B. Brokken, okay. Kubat, Micahel Kraehe and Bernie Thompson. Advertisers in the premier concern consist of Algorithms Inc., Amtec Engineering, Basmark, Fintronic (later became VA analysis, VA Linux systems, then...), Infomagic, best Time Freeware, Promox, Signum support, SSC, Trans Ameritech, USENIX, Windsor Tech and Yggdrasil.
Linux 1.0 is launched.
whereas at a convention in New Orleans, Jon ``maddog'' corridor persuades Linus to port Linux to DEC's 64-bit Alpha computing device processor chip. under two weeks later, maddog had also persuaded DEC to fund the challenge. An Alpha computer turned into immediately despatched to Linus. ``Digital [DEC] and the Linux group formed the first truly a hit task of matches and Linux geeks working collectively'', said maddog.
Linux international, a nonprofit vendor company, is centered by Jon ``maddog'' hall. Linux overseas goes on to develop into a huge contributor to the success of Linux, helping organisations and others work toward the promotion of the Linux working system.
Linux trademark dispute: is Linux trademarked? William R. Della Croce, Jr. files for the trademark ``Linux'' on August 15, 1994, and it is registered in September. Della Croce has no conventional involvement within the Linux neighborhood yet sends letters out to well-liked Linux organizations disturbing funds to be used of the trademark ``Linux''. A lawsuit is filed in 1996 against Della Croce. Plaintiffs within the suit include Linus Torvalds; really expert methods Consultants, Inc. (publishers of Linux Journal); Yggdrasil Computing, Inc.; Linux international; and WorkGroup options (also called LinuxMall). The plaintiffs be triumphant, and in 1997 announce the matter as settled by means of the assignment of the mark to Linus Torvalds on behalf of all Petitioners and Linux users.
Linux is first mentioned within the mainstream press. Wired magazine facets an editorial titled ``Kernel child'', by Seth Rosenthal. He writes: ``So, is Linus going to become the bill Gates of Finland? probably not. He claims to be 'via no capacity a superb pupil' and is in no hurry to graduate in view that 'Linux has taken a lot of time from my reports, and i just like the work I actually have at the institution which continues me alive.'''
Randolph Bentson experiences on the world's first vendor-supported Linux device driver in Linux Journal. Cyclades gave him a multiport serial card in trade for developing a Linux driver for it.
an incredible tradeshow and convention take note of Linux. Open systems World features a Linux track, hosted by using Linux Journal. Two days of seminars consist of Eric Youngdale, Donald Becker, Dirk Hohndel, Phil Hughes, Michael ok. Johnson and David Wexelblat as speakers.
Linux Expo, the first Linux-certain tradeshow and conference collection, launches, because of the individuals at North Carolina State college and in selected, Donnie Barnes. audio system encompass Marc Ewing, Rik religion and Michael ok. Johnson, among others. Linux Expo snowballs and becomes probably the most generic and neatly-attended annual Linux demonstrate for the next several years (after three years red Hat takes over firm and becomes the foremost sponsor). The rate for entry into the show corridor and a pass to the conferences? $four.
First ``Linux virus'' found. called Bliss, it really works on any UNIX-like OS and presents a advantageous--``bliss-uninfect-files-please'' command-line alternative. Alan Cox points out that Bliss ``does not dodge the safety of the system, it relies on individuals with privilege to do anything dumb'' and reminds clients to deploy digitally signed software from trustworthy sites most effective and to check signatures before installing.
``in fact it be probably less complicated to write a virulent disease for Linux because it's open supply and the code is purchasable. So they may be seeing greater Linux viruses because the OS turns into extra average and time-honored.''--Wishful thinking from McAfee
Linux Weekly news starts book with Jonathan Corbet and Elizabeth Coolbaugh as founders. The very first challenge, dated January 22, became just a tiny trace of what LWN was to develop into.
Netscape broadcasts that they will unlock the supply to their browser beneath a free software license. This almost actually continues to be one of the most vital pursuits of the yr; it opened a lot of eyes to what Linux and free application could supply.
red Hat superior building Labs (RHAD) is headquartered. It has considering the fact that become one of the vital larger-profile places where people are paid to advance free software and an important part of the GNOME undertaking. RHAD is capable of attract developers like ``Rasterman'' (however best for a short time) and Federico Mena-Quintero.
The Cobalt Qube is introduced and automatically turns into a favorite within the alternate press as a result of its high performance, low cost and lovable form aspect. Cobalt's Linux engineering is done by way of none apart from David Miller, the supply of much it really is respectable within the Linux kernel.
The Linux consumer group wins InfoWorld's technical aid award; pink Hat 5.0 additionally received their working system award. nonetheless it became the tech help award that really opened some eyes; each person had been announcing that Linux had no support. This became the beginning of the end of the ``no guide'' argument.
Eric Raymond and friends come up with the term ``open source''. They practice for trademark popularity and put up the opensource.org net website. for that reason starts off the formal effort to push Linux for company use.
consumer recommend Ralph Nader asks the large pc vendors (Dell, Gateway, Micron, and so forth.) to offer non-Microsoft methods, including techniques with Linux put in.
Linux is covered by way of the USA countrywide Public Radio news, marking considered one of its first appearances within the mainstream, nontechnical press.
O'Reilly holds the ``first ever'' Free application Summit, that includes Larry Wall, Brian Behlendorf, Linus Torvalds, Guido van Rossum, Eric Allman, Phil Zimmermann, Eric Raymond and Paul Vixie.
might also 1998
The Google search engine pops up. not simplest is it some of the most useful search engines like google and yahoo round, nevertheless it's in response to Linux and lines a Linux-selected search page.
big databases start to reach. assist for Linux is announced via desktop buddies for their Ingres gadget and through Ardent application for his or her O2 object database.
``Like a lot of products that are free, you get a loyal following notwithstanding it's small. I've in no way had a customer mention Linux to me.''--invoice Gates, computer Week, June 25, 1998
``...these operating programs will now not discover frequent use in mainstream commercial applications within the next three years, nor will there be huge third-birthday celebration application assist.''--The Gartner neighborhood says there is little hope without charge utility.
A Datapro examine comes out showing that Linux has the maximum person delight of any system; it also indicates Linux to be the only system apart from Microsoft windows NT it truly is increasing its market share.
IBM broadcasts that it is going to distribute and guide the Apache internet server after working a contend with the Apache crew.
The computing device wars rage as KDE and GNOME advocates hurl flames at each other. Linus receives in on the act, asserting that KDE is okay with him. in this context, KDE 1.0 is released. the first sturdy unencumber of the okay desktop ambiance proves to be typical, regardless of the complaints from those that do not just like the licensing of the Qt library.
Informix quietly releases software for Linux. meanwhile, Oracle beats Informix to the punch PR-shrewd and makes a Linux-pleasant announcement first, suggesting that they'd quickly be assisting Linux. Oracle guarantees to make a trial version accessible by using the end of 1998, a cut-off date they beat via months. This, reputedly, become some of the acid exams for the talents of long-term success for Linux; a superb deal of consideration resulted from each Informix's and Oracle's announcements.
Informix announces help for Linux comfortably moments after Oracle does so. Sybase later announces their aid for Linux additionally.
Linus seems on the cowl of Forbes magazine. A lengthy story gifts Linux in a tremendously nice manner and brings the system to the consideration of many who had not ever heard of it earlier than. Linux begins to turn into a family notice.
LinuxToday.com is launched with the aid of Dave Whitinger and Dwight Johnson. The site, later got via information superhighway.com, arguably becomes essentially the most well-read and visited Linux portal of all time.
Microsoft's Steve Ballmer admits that they are ``concerned'' about free software and means that one of the crucial home windows NT supply code may well be made obtainable to developers. The identical month Microsoft goes on to checklist Linux as a competitive possibility in its annual SEC (US Securities and exchange fee) filing. hypothesis abounds that their actual purpose is to impact the upcoming antitrust trial.
``For the second, however, the business from Redmond, Washington, seems almost grateful for the rising profile of Linux, seeing it as an easy manner of demonstrating that windows is not a monopoly, ahead of its antitrust trial, scheduled to start on October 15. That can be short-sighted. in the long run, Linux and different open-supply courses might trigger Mr. Gates a good deal grief.''--The Economist, October 3, 1998
Intel and Netscape (and two task capital organizations) announce minority investments in crimson Hat application. The cash is for use to build an ``enterprise assist division'' inside purple Hat. An spectacular amount of press is generated with the aid of this adventure, which is viewed as a big-company endorsement of Linux.
Corel publicizes that WordPerfect 8 for Linux may be downloadable for free for ``personal use''. They additionally announce a partnership with purple Hat to supply Linux for the Netwinder.
A exclusive Microsoft memorandum on Redmond's method against Linux and Open supply application turned into leaked to Eric S. Raymond. Raymond, along with his own brought commentary, releases the memorandum to the countrywide press over Halloween Weekend. on account of the entire press surrounding the story, Microsoft turned into compelled to acknowledge the now-infamous Halloween document's authenticity. This become the first time the general public heard Microsoft admit Linux became becoming stiff competitors.
A record from IDC says that Linux shipments rose via more than 200% in 1998, and its market share rose by means of more than a hundred and fifty%. Linux has a 17% market share and a growth expense unmatched by way of every other device available on the market.
``Microsoft Corp. will shout it out to the world when home windows 2000 at last ships. Linux creator Linus Torvalds introduced the advent of the next era of Linux, version 2.2, with a simple observe to the Linux-kernel mailing listing.''--Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols, Sm@rt Reseller
Samba 2.0 is released. It includes a reverse-engineered implementation of the Microsoft domain controller protocols, permitting Linux servers to provide comprehensive features to windows networks.
Hewlett-Packard and Compaq announce plans to present Linux-based systems. Later, Dell additionally announces plans to start selling Linux-put in methods. SGI contents itself with offering assistance on the way to convey up Linux on its programs.
Loki enjoyment software proclaims that it will port Civilization: call to vigour to Linux.
Linux and BSD users unite for ``windows Refund Day''. They consult with Microsoft, hoping to come the unused home windows licenses that they had been forced to acquire when they bought a pc system bundled with the OS.
``Like a Russian modern erased from a photo, he is being written out of heritage. Stallman is the originator of the Free utility move and the GNU/Linux operating gadget. but you wouldn't know it from reading about LinuxWorld (Expo). Linus Torvalds obtained all of the ink.''--Leander Kahney, Wired magazine, March 1999
the first LinuxWorld conference and Expo is held in San Jose, California. because the first massive business ``tradeshow'' adventure for Linux, it serves word to the realm that Linux has arrived; 12,000 individuals are spoke of to have attended.
Linux journal debuts, bringing some additional competitors to the Linux print company. Later, different magazines rise and fall together with Open, Journal of Linux know-how (JOLT) and optimum Linux.
VA research buys the Linux.com area for $1,000,000 and pronounces plans to show it into a Linux portal. Microsoft's rumored bid for the domain is frustrated.
``...please think about what it is want to see an idealistic challenge stymied and made ineffective as a result of individuals do not constantly provide it the credit for what it has carried out. when you are an idealist like me, that can wreck your whole decade.''--Richard Stallman on GNU/Linux
Al Gore's presidential crusade net web page claims to be open supply. That declare is gone, but the web site nevertheless claims: ``within the spirit of the Open supply movement, they now have based the Gore 2000 Volunteer source Code assignment; www.algore2000.com is an 'open website'."
HP broadcasts 24/7 assist functions for the Caldera, Turbolinux, pink Hat and SuSE distributions. They also release OpenMail for Linux.
The Linux FreeS/WAN venture releases a free IPSec implementation, allowing Linux to feature as a VPN gateway the usage of what is now the business regular.
``but the mere proven fact that there is now an legitimate SEC document that includes the text of the GPL serves as pretty outstanding proof that the rules of the application enterprise really are being rewritten.''--Andrew Leonard, Salon
may additionally 1999
``those two little phrases--open supply--have turn into a magical incantation, like portal in 1998 or push in 1997. just whisper them and all should be yours: media attention, purchaser interest and, of path, venture capital.''--Andrew Leonard, Wired
First Intel IA-sixty four ``Merced'' silicon. youngsters Intel had given simulators to a couple of OS providers, Linux is the simplest OS to run on the brand new architecture on its first day. The Register headline: ``Merced silicon occurs: Linux runs, NT doesn't''.
SGI broadcasts the 1400L--a Linux-primarily based server equipment. SGI also broadcasts a partnership with purple Hat and begins contributing to kernel development in a huge manner.
crimson Hat's preliminary public providing happens; a latest-minute repricing helps to create difficulties for americans participating within the neighborhood providing. The inventory price automatically rises to $50; a worth that appears high at the time.
``For the umpteenth time, someone paved paradise, put up a parking lot. For the lots of Linux coders who've built the utopian open-supply move--offering free aid to create a free operating gadget--the IPO of purple Hat application changed into a bound sign of Wall street cutting the ribbon on the new Linux mall.''--The industry ordinary
Motorola jumps into Linux bulletins of embedded methods items, support and training services, and a partnership with Lineo.
solar acquires StarDivision; it proclaims plans to liberate StarOffice beneath the solar neighborhood source License and to make an internet-enabled edition of the workplace suite.
``'Burlington Coat factory Warehouse Corp. in Burlington, New Jersey is spending $1 million or so as to buy 1,250 Linux-equipped PCs from Dell, nevertheless it won't pay red Hat a dime for guide', says Michael Prince, chief suggestions officer. 'I believe pink Hat's enterprise model makes sense to someone, however it makes no experience to us', he says.''--Daniel Lyons, Forbes, may also 31, 1999. Then in September, Burlington ended up purchasing guide from purple Hat.
the primary big Linux inventory rush happens. Shares in Applix greater than double in volume, achieving just about 27 million shares--three times the 9 million shares that are basically on the market.
SCO trashes Linux in a brochure disbursed in Northern Europe: ``Linux at this moment can also be considered more a plaything for IT students as opposed to a serious working device in which to location the functioning, security and way forward for a enterprise. as a result of Linux is in reality a free-for-all it capacity that no particular person adult/enterprise is in charge should anything else go incorrect, plus there is not any method to foretell which approach Linux will evolve.''
inventory in red Hat hits $a hundred thirty five/share. The fee seems unbelievably high at the time.
sun Microsystems declares that it is going to liberate the source to Solaris under the solar neighborhood supply License. The actual unencumber drew criticism: ``In a stream aimed at Linux, sun noted it'll announce Wednesday that it is making the source code for its new Solaris 8 working equipment 'open'. Webster's has loads of definitions for the be aware, together with 'now not sealed, mounted, or locked'. however if you dig into the details of solar's announcement, you will discover that what it's providing doesn't come close to assembly the dictionary's definition, let alone that of the Open source movement.''--Lawrence Aragon, Redherring.com, January 26, 2000
``...if there is one issue about Linux clients, they're do-ers, not whiners.''--Andy Patrizio,
crimson Hat buys Cygnus for almost $seven-hundred million in inventory. Rumors of other acquisitions through pink Hat start to flow into and show no signs of forestalling.
VA Linux programs goes public after two repricings (in the beginning priced at $eleven-$13/share). The closing IPO cost is $30/share; that rate rises instantly to $300 earlier than closing round $250. It sets the record for the largest IPO upward thrust in the background of the NASDAQ.
``Gee. remember when the big query changed into 'How can they make cash at this?'''--Eric Raymond
VA Linux programs declares SourceForge (although the website had in reality been up and working on account that November 1999). SourceForge also makes the code for its operation available under the GPL. by using the end of the 12 months, SourceForge hosted over 12,000 tasks and 92,000 registered developers.
version 1.0 of pink Flag Linux is launched within the people's Republic of China.
Transmeta breaks its lengthy silence and tells the area what it has been as much as--the Crusoe chip, of path.
The Linux expert Institute declares the supply of its first Linux knowledgeable certification exam.
Linux wannabe press releases flow from companies trying to ride on the success of Linux shares. nutrients.com, as an example, posts the following: ``nutrition.com has further unique itself in the aggressive information superhighway fitness business race through being one of the vital first to integrate the Linux operating system, produced by using pink Hat, the leading developer and company of open-supply utility options.''
The latest IDC report means that Linux now ranks because the ``2nd-most-standard working equipment for server computers'', with 25% of the server operating equipment income in 1999. windows NT is first with 38% and NetWare ranks third with 19%. IDC previously estimated that Linux would get up to the quantity two place--in 2002 or 2003. The revolution seems to be neatly ahead of agenda.
VA Linux techniques acquisition of Andover.web in a high-profile purchase that values Andover shares at 0.425 of VA's, or roughly $50/share. Andover.net is the proprietor of the usual web websites Slashdot.org and Freshmeat.org.
LinuxMall.com and Frank Kaspar and colleagues even have made plans to merge. LinuxMall.com has been at the proper of the retail aspect of Linux essentially on account that the very beginning; Kaspar is without doubt one of the largest distribution channels.
red Hat wins InfoWorld's ``made from the year'' award for the fourth time in a row.
``The law in open code capacity that no actor can benefit most appropriate manage over open-source code. Even the kings can not get ideal control over the code. for instance, if Linus Torvalds, father of the Linux kernel, tried to lead GNU/Linux in a method that others within the community rejected, then others within the neighborhood could all the time have eliminated the offending part and gone in a unique way. This hazard constrains the kings; they could handiest lead where they recognize the americans will follow.''--``Innovation, rules, and the web'' via Lawrence Lessig for The American Prospect.
a brand new version of LILO is posted that is able to get past the 1024-cylinder boot restrict that has plagued notebook programs for years.
The latest Netcraft survey suggests Apache working on simply over 60% of the net.
Caldera techniques goes public after a short delay, on March 21. The inventory, which turned into offered at $14/share, all started trading at $26 and closed at $29.forty four. It hence registered a 110% benefit on its first day.
``Caldera is aware of of no enterprise that has built a profitable company primarily based in total or partly on open-source software.''--Caldera SEC filing
Walnut Creek (the guardian enterprise for Slackware) and BSDi announce their merger. Yahoo! should be taking an fairness investment within the new company.
Motorola desktop neighborhood broadcasts the unencumber of its HA Linux distribution. This distribution is aimed toward telecommunications applications that require very high amounts of uptime; it includes sizzling-swap capacity and is attainable for the i386 and PowerPC architectures.
The Embedded Linux Consortium is announced. Its purpose is ``to make bigger the depth, breadth and pace of Linux adoption within the big embedded computer market''. The initial chief will be Rick Lehrbaum, the person at the back of the LinuxDevices.com and DesktopLinux.com internet sites, amongst other things.
Ericsson publicizes its ``monitor telephone HS210'' product--a Linux-primarily based mobile with a touchscreen that may also be used for email, web searching, etc. Ericsson and Opera software additionally announce that Ericsson's (Linux-based) HS210 screen phone will comprise the Opera internet browser.
Code is ruled to be speech. On April four, 2000, the USA court docket of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit published its decision involving Peter Junger's problem to the Export Administration regulations that avoided him from posting counsel on the web that contained cryptographic illustration code. Most vital within the ruling: ``because desktop source code is an expressive ability for the exchange of suggestions and concepts about laptop programming, they cling that it's included with the aid of the primary modification.''
Andy Tanenbaum releases the the Minix operating system below the BSD license. Had Minix been open supply from the beginning, Linux may additionally under no circumstances have took place.
may additionally 2000
SuSE releases the primary supported Linux distribution for the IBM S/390 mainframe.
``approximately a hundred and forty distribution agencies exist throughout the globe. They agree with all but the precise five could be bought, will go out of company or may be relegated to insignificance. Market-share leaders are presently defined around geographic boundaries. pink Hat has the biggest international brand attention and leading North American market share; SuSE leads in Europe, Turbolinux leads in Asia, and Conectiva leads in South america.''--Keith Bachman, an analyst for WR Hambrecht, predicting within the red Herring
commercial concerns assist immediate the relicensing of MySQL below the GPL. Now both freely purchasable databases which are primary within the Linux and Free application communities, PostgreSQL and MySQL, meet the Debian Free software instructions and the Open supply guidelines. moreover, development software types a new business, NuSphere, just for the purpose of aiding MySQL.
``In an international of NDA-certain business agreements, Debian is an open publication. In a world of mission statements, Debian has a social contract. At a time when business distributors are striving to look how much proprietary application they could pack into a box of Linux, Debian continues to be the bastion of application freedom--residing proof that you should have a totally purposeful and usable operating equipment with out wanting any proprietary code.''--Evan Leibovitch, ZDNet
solar broadcasts that StarOffice is to be launched under the GPL. The code is going to be remodeled, integrated with Bonobo and GTK, and released as a collection of reusable add-ons. StarOffice will even be reworked to make use of a set of open XML-based file formats.
Oracle's Linux-based mostly information superhighway appliance gadget hits the shelves. The ``New cyber web computer'' (NIC) is the newest outcome of Larry Ellison's lengthy very own crusade to make non-Microsoft methods attainable to the realm. it's geared toward individuals who best want access to the internet; as such, or not it's pretty much a $199 (devoid of computer screen) X terminal.
reports first seem that SCO could be purchased through Caldera. Later in 2000 Caldera and SCO announce their intent for Caldera international to be formed from Caldera's present operation and two of SCO's three divisions.
Ted Ts'o steps forward to turn into the new 2.4 popularity listing maintainer. Alan Cox was doing the job unless he mentioned that it became time to ``locate someone else to retain it''. Ted Ts'o spoke back to Linus' subsequent demand a brand new popularity record maintainer.
HP, Intel, IBM and NEC announce the ``Open source building Lab'', which makes massive hardware obtainable to Linux builders for benchmarking and testing.
``i'm a bastard. I have absolutely no clue why individuals can ever suppose in any other case. Yet they do. people consider i am a pleasant man, and the truth is that i am a scheming, conniving bastard who does not care for any damage emotions or lost hours of labor if it simply outcomes in what I agree with to be a higher device.''--Linus Torvalds trying to trade his photograph.
The RSA patent expires, enabling for relaxed web transactions with out proprietary software.
Trolltech releases the Qt library below the GPL, inserting a definitive conclusion to a long-running and unpleasant license flame warfare.
The CueCat fiasco starts. Digital Convergence makes an attempt to shut down programmers who have written Linux drivers for its CueCat bar code scanner. The company has given out giant numbers of those scanners without charge, expecting americans to use them with its proprietary software and web web site. The threats cause the drivers to become marginally more durable to find for a short period, after which the company proclaims victory and moves on.
Microsoft says that penguins can mutate in a eu print ad that right now becomes noted.
``i used to be dumbfounded to find that installation Linux turned into effortless. Why? well, the world has modified. No more do you have to be mindful every thing about Linux prior to installing it, downloading the many chunks of code integral to run an entire system and getting all of them to work collectively. That turned into BSW--earlier than cut back-wrap. With agencies equivalent to red Hat and Corel putting all of the software you want in a field, the pain is (pretty much) long gone.''--John Schwartz, Washington put up
IBM broadcasts plans to invest $1 billion in Linux in 2001.
The lengthy-awaited 2.4.0 kernel changed into launched on January four.
the USA national security company (NSA) releases SELinux under the GPL. SELinux presents an further layer of protection assessments apart from the commonplace UNIX-like permissions equipment.
The Linux 2.5 kernel summit is held in San Jose, California; it is, most likely, probably the most finished gathering of Linux kernel hackers in heritage.
IBM gets into hindrance over its ``Peace, Love and Linux'' graffiti in several cities.
``Slackware has all the time made funds (who else producing a industrial distribution can say that?), but with BSDi they ended up strapped to a sinking ship.''--Patrick Volkerding
may additionally 2001
Sony's playstation Linux kit, shipped in Japan, sells out in eight minutes regardless of a doubling of the purchasable inventory.
Sharp pronounces its upcoming Linux PDA in keeping with Lineo's Embedix device.
VA Linux techniques exits the hardware enterprise, opting for to focal point on SourceForge in its place. Later VA drops the observe ``Linux'' from its identify altogether, relaunching as VA utility enterprise.
``In a press release issued Wednesday afternoon, VA Linux CEO Larry M. Augustin known as the shift in approach a logical move. 'Our differentiating power has at all times been their utility expertise', Augustin observed''.--Wired. You best idea VA changed into a hardware enterprise.
Free Dmitry! Dmitry Sklyarov is arrested in Las Vegas after Adobe complains in regards to the superior book Processor. here month he is charged with DMCA violations and conspiracy: the advantage penalties add as much as 25 years in prison. Dmitry's defense is in keeping with constitutional challenges to the DMCA, on free speech and jurisdictional concerns. Later in the yr, charges are dropped, conditional on 12 months of respectable habits and testimony in the ElcomSoft trial.
``although Adobe withdrew its guide for the criminal criticism in opposition t Dmitry Sklyarov, they recognize the grand jury and federal government's resolution to prosecute the enterprise, ElcomSoft, and as a legislations-abiding company citizen, Adobe intends to cooperate entirely with the executive as required through legislation.''--Adobe's position
Sharp Electronics agency starts off a distinct Linux developer prerelease of the Zaurus PDA to attract free utility developers to the scorching new platform.
Avaya, the former PBX and enterprise programs division of Lucent, announces Linux-primarily based PBX systems.
``So there are some--and i'd checklist myself among them--who trust that the return to Earth is a superb element. there may be nothing incorrect with making a buck, but Linux doesn't benefit from being accelerated beyond reality on a shaky basis.''--Evan Leibovitch takes a glance at the publish-rush world of Linux.
we might want to appreciate their indebtedness to Rebecca Sobol and Jonathan Corbet at Linux Weekly news, for allowing us to borrow closely from the timeline featured on their site and for their accurate and gracious old modifying.